Special tests are meant to help guide your physical examination, not be the main source of your information.  There are hundreds upon thousands of Special Tests available for physical therapists. We suggest relying primarily on your anatomy and kinesiology and then using special tests to reinforce your findings. Additionally, it is very important to read the diagnostic accuracy of each test. You will see that some of the tests we provide information on do not have the best diagnostic accuracy, and that is why it is crucial to cluster your findings with other tests, patient demographics, mechanism of injury, etc.

Initial Consultation

Blood typing

Blood groups of human blood are immunologically distinct basing on presence or absence of certain antigens. Blood typing is used to determine A, B, AB or O blood type.

Urine test (chemstrip 10)

It is chemical and visual analyses of urine in the routine medical workup of patients. Ideally first morning urine is interpreted for pH, Specific gravity, proteins, red blood cells, leucocytes, glucose, ketones, nitrites, urobilinogen and urinary bilirubin.

Oxidata test

Urine sample is used for determining of the amount of free radicals in the body.

Indican test

Urine sample is used for determining of indican when overgrowth of bacteria in small bowel is suspected or malabsorption, stasis of bowel contents, maldigestion etc. are present.

Blood glucose

Determining blood glucose level with glucometer (device used by people with diabetes for self-monitoring) is good initial screening for diabetes.

Koenisburg test

Urine sample is used to interpret adrenal function.

Sulkowitch test

Urine sample is used for determining of dietary calcium uptake important for osteoporosis.

Vitamin C

Urine sample is used for assessing vitamin C level in the body. It is important in for such conditions as chronic perennial rhinitus, often colds, diabetes mellitus, echymosis.


Gastric acid in stomach plays important role in breakdown of proteins and protection of upper GI tract from bacterial overgrowth. This is a screening test for gastric hypo- or achlorhydria. It is often associated with such symptoms as bloating, fullness, indigestion, hair loss, cracked nails, iron deficiency.

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The art of healing comes from nature, not from the physician. Therefore the physician must start from nature, with an open mind.


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