Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms within the deep veins, it most commonly occurs in the veins of pelvis, calf or thigh and can have serious consequences. If a blood clot travels through the bloodstream it can block blood flow to the lungs which can result in pulmonary embolism which can cause damage to the lungs, veins and other organs, it can also reduce oxygen levels and can be fatal in some cases.

Our arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to other parts of the body. Veins return oxygen-depleted blood back to the heart.

There are 4 types of veins:

  • Deep veins are located within the muscle tissue and have corresponding artery nearby.
  • Superficial veins are close to the skin’s surface and don’t have corresponding arteries.
  • Pulmonary veins transport oxynated blood from lungs to the heart.
  • Systemic veins are transport deygenated blood back to the heart and are located throughout our body.

Causes of DVT

DVT can happen to anyone but certain disorders or conditions can increase the risk of blood clot:

  • Chronic heart disease /Stroke/Paralysis
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Prolonged sitting/ laying down
  • Age
  • Certain illnesses (inflammatory bowel disease, kidney disorders)
  • Being overweight/ Obesity
  • Varicose veins
  • Injury to the lower body
  • Hip, knee or leg surgery
  • Personal/ family history of DVT
  • Having certain types of cancers
  • Using birth control pills
  • Pregnancy/ first 6 weeks after giving birth
  • Slow blood flow

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DVT Symptoms

Signs and symptoms can be seen in the ankle, calf or thigh:

  • Warmth or tenderness above the vein
  • Pain/ sudden swelling
  • Redness/ discoloured skin
  • Constant pain in one leg while standing or walking
  • Firmness/ thickening of the vein

Helpful Tips

  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Wear loose-fitted clothing
  • Walk and stretch/ take breaks while driving/ working
  • Wear compression stockings
  • Exercise your leg if you’re sitting for a long time
  • Be active; the more active you are, the better your chance of avoiding a blood clot
  • Take medicine to prevent clots after surgery.
  • Keeping affected area raised

How is DVT diagnosed?

  • Blood tests
  • Doppler ultrasound: A device is placed over veins that uses sound waves to check blood flow.
  • MRI scan can show clots in the legs or pelvis.
  • Venogram: a dye is put into a vein, then X-ray is taken. The dye can show clots in the vein.
  • CT scan

DVT and Physical Therapy

If diagnosed early, your doctor may recommend physical therapy along with other modalities. Primary goal of physiotherapy is to improve blood circulation, relieve pain, inflammation and restore movement by avoiding surgery and use pain medications.

Treatment Options:

There are variety of treatments options and techniques that can help with DVT.



  • Variety of treatment options

The Art Of Life Referral Reward Program

Your referral is the best compliment! We would love for you to share your positive experiences at The Art of Life Community Health Center. We believe health care should be accessible to everyone and everyone should have the ability to improve their well-being without expensive health bills and long recovery time.

In appreciation of your support, you can choose 1 of the following rewards:

$50 Cash reward

$90 credit towards your future physiotherapy treatments

Free Compression and Infrared Body Wrap Treatment

The art of healing comes from nature, not from the physician. Therefore the physician must start from nature, with an open mind.


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Toronto, Ontario, M3C 1V9

Phone: 416 449-6747

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