Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms within the deep veins, it most commonly occurs in the veins of the pelvis, calf, or thigh and can have serious consequences. If a blood clot travels through the bloodstream it can block blood flow to the lungs which can result in pulmonary embolism which can cause damage to the lungs, veins, and other organs, it can also reduce oxygen levels and can be fatal in some cases.
Our arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to other parts of the body. Veins return oxygen-depleted blood back to the heart.
THERE ARE 4 TYPES OF VEINS:
- Deep veins are located within the muscle tissue and have a corresponding artery nearby.
- Superficial veins are close to the skin’s surface and don’t have corresponding arteries.
- Pulmonary veins transport oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart.
- Systemic veins are transported deoxygenated blood back to the heart and are located throughout our bodies.
CAUSES OF DVT
DVT can happen to anyone but certain disorders or conditions can increase the risk of a blood clot:
- Chronic Heart Disease, Stroke & Paralysis
- High Blood Pressure
- Prolonged Sitting & Laying Down
- Certain Illnesses (Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Kidney Disorders)
- Being Overweight & Obesity
- Varicose Veins
- Injury to the Lower Body
- Hip, Knee, or Leg Surgery
- Personal & Family History of DVT
- Having Certain Types of Cancers
- Using Birth Control Pills
- Pregnancy & First 6 Weeks After Giving Birth
- Slow Blood Flow